grind

grind grind verb (ground, ground ) ›› FOOD / FLOUR / COFFEE 食物;麪粉;咖啡 1. [VN] grind sth (down / up) | grind sth (to / into sth) to break or crush sth into very small pieces between ten hard surfaces or using a special machine • 磨碎;碾碎;把…磨成粉:
»to grind coffee / corn
将咖啡/谷粒磨成粉
--› see also ground adj. (4) 2. [VN] to produce sth such as flour by crushing • 磨(粉):
»The flour is ground using traditional methods.
这麪粉是用传统方法磨制而成。
3. [VN] (NAmE) = mince v. (1) ›› MAKE SHARP / SMOOTH 使锋利/光滑 4. [VN] to make sth sharp or smooth by rubbing it against a hard surface • 使锋利;磨快;磨光:
»a special stone for grinding knives
磨刀用的石头
›› PRESS INTO SURFACE 挤压进表层 5. [VN] grind sth into sth | grind sth in to press or rub sth into a surface • 用力挤压,用力擦(入表层):
»He ground his cigarette into the ashtray.
他把香烟按在烟灰缸里捻灭。
»The dirt on her hands was ground in.
她手上的泥渍住了。
›› RUB TOGETHER 磨擦 6. to rub together, or to make hard objects rub together, often producing an unpleasant noise • 磨擦(发出刺耳声): ▪ [V]
»Parts of the machine were grinding together noisily.
机器零件摩擦发出刺耳的声音。
▪ [VN]
»She grinds her teeth when she is asleep.
她睡觉时磨牙。
»He ground the gears on the car.
他把汽车排挡踩得嘎嘎作响。
›› MACHINE 机器 7. [VN] to turn the handle of a machine that grinds sth • 摇动手柄(操纵机器):
»to grind a pepper mill
摇动胡椒磨
【IDIOMS】 bring sth to a grinding halt • to make sth gradually go slower until it stops completely • 使渐渐停下来 grind to a ˈhalt | come to a grinding ˈhalt • to go slower gradually and then stop completely • 慢慢停下来:
»Production ground to a halt during the strike.
罢工期间生产渐渐陷入瘫痪。
--› more at axe n. 【PHR V】 ˌgrind sb∽ˈdown • to treat sb in a cruel unpleasant way over a long period of time, so that they become very unhappy • (长时间)虐待,欺压,折磨(某人):
»Donˈt let them grind you down.
别让他们欺压你。
»Years of oppression had ground the people down.
人民年复一年地遭受着压迫。
ˌgrind ˈon • to continue for a long time, when this is unpleasant • 令人厌烦地继续下去:
»The argument ground on for almost ten years.
这场争论拖拖拉拉持续了近两年。
ˌgrind sth∽ˈout • to produce sth in large quantities, often sth that is not good or interesting • 大量生产(尤指粗制滥造) 【SYN】 churn out :
»She grinds out romantic novels at the rate of nine a year.
她以一年五部的速度胡乱拼凑低劣的爱情小说。
noun ›› BORING ACTIVITY 乏味的活动 1. [sing.] (informal) an activity that is tiring or boring and takes a lot of time • 令人疲劳(或厌倦)的工作;苦差事:
»the daily grind of family life
家庭生活中繁重的家务劳动
»Itˈs a long grind to the top of that particular profession.
爬到那种行业的最高位置要经过漫长的艰苦奋斗。
›› OF MACHINES 机器 2. [sing.] the unpleasant noise made by machines • 刺耳的摩擦声 ›› SWOT 刻苦用功的人 3. [C] (US, informal) = swot n.
* * *
[graind]
v. 磨(碎), 碾(碎), 折磨

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

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  • Grind — »Schorf, Kruste« (bei ‹Kopf›hauterkrankungen): Mhd. grint »Ausschlag; Schorf; Kopfgrind; Kopf«, ahd. grint »Ausschlag; Schorf«, mnd. grint »grobkörniger Sand; grobes Mehl«, niederl. grind »Kies; Grieß« stellen sich zu einem im germ. Sprachbereich …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • grind — ► VERB (past and past part. ground) 1) reduce to small particles or powder by crushing. 2) sharpen, smooth, or produce by crushing or friction. 3) rub together or move gratingly. 4) (grind down) wear (someone) down with harsh treatment. 5) ( …   English terms dictionary

  • grind on — ˌgrind ˈon [intransitive] [present tense I/you/we/they grind on he/she/it grinds on present participle grinding on past tense …   Useful english dictionary

  • Grind — Grind, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Ground}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Grinding}.] [AS. grindan; perh. akin to L. frendere to gnash, grind. Cf. {Grist}.] 1. To reduce to powder by friction, as in a mill, or with the teeth; to crush into small fragments; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grind — [grīnd] vt. ground, grinding [ME grinden < OE grindan < IE * ghrendh < base * ghren , to rub away, pulverize > GROUND1] 1. a) to crush into bits or fine particles between two hard surfaces; pulverize b) to chop into small pieces or… …   English World dictionary

  • grind — GRIND, grinduri, s.n. Mică ridicătură de teren de formă alungită, care rezultă din depunerile aluvionare ale unei ape curgătoare sau ale mării. – Din sl. grenddu. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  GRIND s. (geogr.) grădişte, (reg.)… …   Dicționar Român

  • Grind — bezeichnet: die verkrustete Bedeckung einer Wunde, siehe Exsudat (Medizin) die Hauterkrankung Impetigo contagiosa (Grindflechte) volkstümlich das seborrhoische Ekzem bei Neugeborenen die Hirnschale eines Hirsches ehemalige Insel in der Zuiderzee… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • grind — [n] tedious job chore, drudgery, groove*, grubwork*, hard work, labor, moil, pace, rote, routine, rut*, sweat*, task, toil, travail, treadmill*; concept 362 grind [v1] crush, pulverize abrade, atomize, attenuate, beat, bray, chop up, comminute,… …   New thesaurus

  • grind up — ˌgrind ˈup [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they grind up he/she/it grinds up present participle grinding up past tense …   Useful english dictionary

  • Grind — Grind, v. i. 1. To perform the operation of grinding something; to turn the millstones. [1913 Webster] Send thee Into the common prison, there to grind. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To become ground or pulverized by friction; as, this corn grinds… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • grind — grīnd vt, ground grau̇nd; grind·ing 1) to reduce to powder or small fragments by friction (as with the teeth) 2) to press together and move with a rotating or back and forth motion see BRUXISM …   Medical dictionary

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